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2040 Nickel Market Outlook

Long-term nickel price forecast

Our latest nickel price view from an expert team

SFA (Oxford)'s involvement in the nickel industry goes back twenty years, having assisted mining companies, lithium-ion battery cathode manufacturers, and investors in evaluating mine projects, the market, and prices. Our forward-looking nickel report analyses the influences and trends on the nickel markets and battery technologies out to 2040. Our ground-breaking study examines, on a deep-dive basis, the changing nature of the nickel market and metal prices from the likely effects of automotive and battery technological advances.

Market outlook for nickel

SFA's Nickel 2040 Market Outlook report will keep you abreast of rapidly evolving developments in the nickel market, providing you with a competitive edge with SFA's nickel price forecast. The report details nickel market developments and is tailored to incorporate an individual client’s specific strategic requirements covering:


Nickel demand impacts and new market threats:
  • Macroeconomic developments on long-term nickel supply and demand fundamentals and technology (global, US, EU and China).

  • The impact of powertrain technology trends, specifically electric vehicle (EV) forecast risks including global powertrain evolution and electrification, automaker announcements and implications for commodities, EU CO2 emission targets and opportunities for EVs, hybrid technology developments, China’s policies and the new energy vehicle market, and US market risks.

  • Long-term battery technology shifts and EV powertrain developments and their impact on nickel demand.

  • A full review of nickel used in lithium-ion batteries, including the growing popularity of NMC (and NCA) battery cathode chemistries.

  • The trade flows of class 1 and class 2 nickel products worldwide and an assessment of China's position in the global supply chain.

  • Upside and downside EV uptake scenarios illustrate the potential envelope of nickel supply-demand, and therefore nickel and nickel sulphate price possibilities in future.

  • SFA's long-term research into PGMs requires us to undertake ongoing detailed modelling of the risks associated with the future evolution of the battery raw materials supply chain. Therefore, the nickel market report also includes reviews of loadings of nickel by vehicle model and powertrain type.

  • Other nickel end-uses, including non-lithium-ion battery types, are presented and quantified, along with a review of stainless steel, alloy steels, non-ferrous alloy requirements and other industrial applications, both emerging and in decline.

  • Supporting demand data to 2040 on nickel demand by end-use and nickel EV demand by region.

Nickel supply and production economic impacts:
  • Updates on the present and future long-term stability and growth of primary nickel supply and by-product nickel supply from PGMs, supply response, reserves and resources, factors influencing cost inflation and exchange rate and volume impacts.

  • Nickel sulphide and nickel laterite operations and projects across Indonesia, the Philippines, Russia, New Caledonia, Canada and Australia are examined in detail, highlighting the potential supply constraints and political risks.

  • Refined nickel pig iron production in Indonesia and China, and ferronickel production.

  • Producer economics of nickel production.

  • An overview of nickel supply and nickel processing methods.

  • A review of highly probable and possible nickel projects to 2040, including nickel grade and volume analysis.

  • Supporting supply data to 2040 on nickel supply by region, producer and operation.


Nickel recycling:
  • The need for and current status of nickel recycling is also discussed. The rapid rise in nickel prices and concerns over future mine supplies of nickel has led to a greater focus on nickel recycling. Our report delves into the current status of the nickel recycling industry, its major players and market developments.


Nickel price forecasts and market scenarios:
  • The report concludes with a range of nickel supply and demand outlooks, and nickel price forecasts out to 2040 to highlight where potential pinch-points for the market might occur in future, including supply risks, EV scenarios, substitution and recycling potential.
Long-term Nickel Market Report, nickel price and nickel sulphate price outlook

Who should read this report?

  • All industry stakeholders and new business entrants who need to keep abreast of the evolving influences on the nickel market and nickel prices, including end-users, mining companies and juniors. 

  • Investors and financial institutions needing to understand and quantify the risks and opportunities in the industry, future costs of nickel production and short- to long-term nickel prices.

Live Q&A with the analysts

Beresford Clarke | Nickel market and nickel price and nickel sulphate price expert
  • Our nickel market report is supported by a video call, most often hosted through MS Teams, which is led by Beresford Clarke, along with our team of expert Battery Metals analysts, to run through the 2040 Nickel Market Report, and address any further questions your team may have.

Contact one of our team for more details

Beresford Clarke

Managing Director: Technical & Research

Kimberly Berman

Energy Transition Technology and Metals Specialist

Lakshya Gupta

Senior Market Analyst: Battery Materials and Technologies

Thomas Chandler

Principal Lithium Supply Analyst

Dr Ralph Grimble

Operations Director

Daniel Croft

Commodity Analyst

Linxiao Zhu

Senior Energy Transition Consultant

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