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Battery Metals Quarterly Report

Lithium, Nickel and Cobalt price risk

Our latest battery metals market view from an expert team

Bringing together SFA (Oxford)’s expertise in the lithium, cobalt and nickel markets, this quarterly price risk report is designed to help investors and industry stakeholders to monitor and contextualise recent market-impacting events. The rapidly evolving nature of government policy, electric vehicle (EV) roll-out plans, the battery industry value chain, and lithium, nickel and cobalt market players, requires detailed analysis and interpretation of today's risks to metal markets and pricing.

Market outlook for lithium, nickel and cobalt

Our Q3 Battery Metals Quarterly report provides a review of changes to EV forecasts, policy influences on tomorrow’s powertrains and financial commitments by car manufacturers to EVs, with a specific focus on Europe (2035 zero emissions target) and the US (Inflation Reduction Act). Key strategic questions are answered, such as:

  • While extremely high metal prices are leading to a supply response. Will it be enough to alleviate price pressures in the lithium product markets?

  • With a global slowdown and ongoing Covid-19 lockdowns in China, will a reduction in stainless steel demand growth and rapidly growing Indonesia nickel supply lead to a drop off in nickel prices?

  • For cobalt, with a supply response underway in the DRC owing to high prices in 2021, might this be enough to further cool prices, or is it short-lived?



Released four times a year on a subscription basis, the Battery Metals Quarterly report will keep you abreast of rapidly evolving developments in the lithium, nickel and cobalt markets, providing you with a competitive edge. The content of each market report will vary according to lithium, nickel and cobalt industry events and market developments. Still, it will be tailored to incorporate an individual client’s specific strategic requirements. Typically, the battery metals reports will include:

Lithium, nickel and cobalt demand impacts and new market threats:
  • Macroeconomic developments on supply-demand fundamentals and technology (global, US, EU and China).

  • The impact of powertrain technology trends, specifically EV forecast risks including global powertrain evolution and electrification, automaker announcements and implications for commodities, EU CO2 targets and opportunities for EVs, hybrid technology developments, China’s policies and the new energy vehicle (NEV) market, and US market risks.

  • Lithium-ion battery technology shifts and EV powertrain developments and their impact on lithium, nickel and cobalt demand.

  • Future evolution of the battery raw materials supply chain and development of other industrial uses, both emerging and in decline.

  • Lithium market drivers: lithium price developments, Li-ion battery-grade demand, Li-ion battery cathode chemistries, lithium carbonate vs. hydroxide, battery factory developments and industry players, and supply versus demand.

  • Nickel price and nickel sulphate price developments, the evolution of lithium-ion batteries and nickel sulphate requirements, and stainless steel versus lithium-ion battery demand.

  • Cobalt market demand and price developments, lithium-ion battery cathode chemistries, battery metals substitution risks and trade to China.

  • Supporting demand data on:

    • Lithium demand by end-use.

    • Lithium electric vehicle demand by region.

    • Lithium-ion battery-grade lithium hydroxide demand by region.

    • Nickel demand by end-use.

    • Nickel electric vehicle demand by region.

    • Cobalt demand by end-use.

    • Cobalt electric vehicle demand by region.


Lithium, nickel and cobalt supply and production economic impacts:
  • Updates on the present and future stability and growth of primary lithium, nickel and cobalt supply, supply response, reserves and resources, factors influencing cost inflation and exchange rate and volume impacts.

  • Producer economics of primary lithium (LCE), lithium hydroxide, and supply risks from hard rock and brine operations.

  • Class 1 and Class 2 nickel supplies, new projects, and availability of Class 1 nickel for nickel sulphate production.
  • Producer economics of nickel and nickel sulphate production.

  • Producer economics of cobalt supply, supply risks, cobalt projects, politics and mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).

  • Comments on the political and socio-economic risks impacting primary supply in politically sensitive producing regions.
  • Supporting supply data on:

    • Lithium supply by region, producer and operation.

    • Lithium-ion battery-grade lithium hydroxide by operation.

    • Lithium and lithium hydroxide supply from probable and possible projects.

    • Nickel supply by region, producer and operation, and from probable and possible projects.

    • Cobalt supply by region, producer and operation, and from probable and possible projects.


Price forecasts:
  • Five-year price outlooks for lithium carbonate, lithium hydroxide, nickel, nickel sulphate and cobalt.

  • 'What-if' scenario analysis and price risk assessment.

Who should read this report?

  • All industry stakeholders and new business entrants who need to keep abreast of the evolving influences on the lithium, nickel and cobalt markets and prices, including end-users, mining companies and juniors. 

  • Investors and financial institutions needing to understand and quantify the risks and opportunities in the industry, future costs of production and short- to medium-term prices.

Live Q&A with the analysts

  • Each quarterly report is supported by a video call, most often hosted through MS Teams, which is led by Beresford Clarke, along with our team of expert Battery Metals and Materials analysts, to run through our latest powertrain metals outlook for the lithium carbonate, lithium hydroxide, nickel, nickel sulphate and cobalt markets, and address any further questions your team may have.

  • Often additional Client project teams join SFA's special meetings to hear our latest thoughts on the Battery Metals and Materials markets.

Contact one of our team for more details

Henk de Hoop

Chief Executive Officer

Beresford Clarke

Managing Director: Technical & Research

David Mobbs

Head of Marketing

Yoshi Mizoguchi Owen

Marketing Associate: Japan

Jamie Underwood

Principal Consultant

Dr Emilio Soberón

Principal Consultant

Adele Rouleau

ESG and Critical Minerals Lead

Other Battery Raw Materials market reports

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How can we help you?

SFA (Oxford) provides bespoke, independent intelligence on the strategic metal markets, specifically tailored to your needs. To find out more about what we can offer you, please contact us.

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